If you’ve ever heard computer technicians speak about RAM, central processing units, motherboards and the like and thought “what language are they speaking”, Optimal IT have compiled a list of computer terminology to help our readers out.
Understanding your computer and its basic components just that little bit better will help you get the most of our computer.
Activation Key – also known as an activation code, product key, or registration key is a group of numbers or letters that must be entered to install a certain software onto a computer to make it work.
Address bar – this is the text field in a web browser that identifies the user’s location on the web. You can navigate to a new location by clicking on the address bar and typing in the new URL address.
Adobe Flash Player – is a software program that allows users to create animated works that can be viewed over the internet.
Antivirus – is software designed to protect your computer or network against computer viruses.
Applications – programs that perform a specific function.
Bit – a computer’s most basic unit of information.
Boot – occurs when the computer is turned on. It is the process of loading or initializing the operating system.
Browser – a program used to view internet pages for e.g. Internet Explorer.
Bug – a part of a program that causes a computer to malfunction.
Byte – a small unit of data storage.
Click – when you press the button on the mouse to have the computer do a task e.g. click on a file to open it.
CPU – Central processing unit. The brain of the computer which controls all the other elements of the computer.
Database – a large file that contains numerous records that contain numerous fields.
Disk Drive – A peripheral device that reads and/or writes information on a disk.
Download – transferring data from another computer to your computer.
Drag – the action where a user points the mouse at an icon or folder, presses the mouse button and without releasing the button, moves the icon or folder to another place on the computer where the button is released.
Driver – software program that controls a piece of hardware or a peripheral.
File – nameable unit of data storage.
Firewall – a hardware device or software to protect a computer from viruses, malware, trojans etc.
Folder – used to organise files on the computer like a filing cabinet.
Freeware – free software.
Gigabyte (GB) – a unit of information – 1,073,741,824 bytes or 1,024 megabytes.
Hard Drive – A device inside the tower that reads and writes information, including the operating system, program files, and data files.
Icon – a small picture used to represent a file or program.
Internet – a network of computer networks encompassing the World Wide Web, FTP, telnet, and many other protocols.
Internet protocol (IP) – a computer’s unique address or number on the Internet.
Keyboard – A peripheral device used to input data by typing on the keys.
Kilobyte (KB) – a unit of information of 1,024 bytes.
Megabyte (MB) – a unit of information of 1,048,576 bytes.
Memory – a device that holds computer data.
Menu – a list of operations available to the user of a program.
Modem – a peripheral device used to connect one computer to another over a phone line.
Monitor – a computer screen to display information.
Motherboard – the central printed circuit board (PCB) which holds many of the crucial components of the system, while providing connectors for other peripherals.
Mouse – a peripheral device used to point to items on a monitor.
Network – a collection of computers that are connected.
Network interface card (NIC) – a board inserted in a computer that provides a physical connection to a network.
Operating system – the low-level software that supports a computer’s basic functions, such as scheduling tasks and controlling peripherals.
Peripheral – a hardware devices connected to a CPU.
Printer – a peripheral device that prints the image or document on a computer screen to a printed image.
Random access memory (RAM) – the type of storage that changes; when the computer is turned off, the RAM memory is erased.
Read-only memory (ROM) – the type of storage that is not changed even when the computer is turned off.
Scroll Bar – allows a document to be made more visible in the window either horizontally or vertically or both.
Spreadsheet – an excel program arranged in rows and columns that manipulates numbers.
Tool Bar – small icons representing a programs tasks.
Tower – the computer chassis or cabinet that encloses most of the components of a computer.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL) – the address of a site on the World Wide Web.
Virus – a program designed to deliberately harm or damage a computer system.
Window – a screen in a software program that permits the user to view several programs at one time.
Word Processor – a program that allows the user to create text documents.
Understanding your computer need not give you a headache! Optimal IT, expert computer technicians on the Gold Coast have helped many customers get the most out of their computers and laptops.
We can take care of computer virus removal, networking, wi-fi, data recovery, do computer upgrades, custom build a computer system, provide IT solutions and online tech support.
Our technicians have 7 years industry experience and we offer a no fix, no fee guarantee. We even come to you at no extra cost!
Call Optimal IT, Gold Coast on 0401 216 935 today for expert computer advice and computer repairs all at affordable prices. Our packages start at as little at $97!